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Blockchain Technology Is Not Adequate To Safeguard Civil Liberties On Its Own




Blockchains have received a lot of attention in the last generation, thanks to their function as the underpinning of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin. Since then, the fundamental methods for cryptocurrencies have been broadened to also include developed autonomous connections in a range of shapes with applications in a wide range of fields in various industries. Some of these current and planned uses have substantial consequences for freedom of speech and expression.

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While blockchain technologies are difficult to define, they are best thought of as a secure means of collecting evidence due to its unique characteristics. Blockchain technologies are ledgers that have multiple copies in use at the same moment; if one copy is removed or manipulated with, the others will be affected. The operating system enabling the Bitcoin Revolution has never been more ubiquitous. It has been used as a bitcoin apps.

The Article Reliability of Blockchain technology, according to ARTICLE 19, Censorship opposition does not imply that it will be implemented. These principles do not simply grant a right of suppression of opposition; they also demand that limitations on freedom of speech and expression be properly stated in legislation, and that they be essential and reasonable to the particular problem at hand.

At a more superficial level, where the legislation is ambiguous, innovation is inflexible, and the installation of blockchain technology in some situations limits the cohabitation of social and technological remedies. Blockchains, like many other technologies, have the ability to be dual-use and do damage as well as beneficial.

From a civil liberties standpoint, ARTICLE 19 considers that the fundamental features and preconceptions of blockchain technology must be properly scrutinised. This study discusses the characteristics of blockchain technology that should be examined for conformity with freedom of expression during their installation.

Blockchains’ fundamental attributes


This means that data cannot be altered or deleted. Some suggestions to utilise encryption to constrain access to the information on blockchain technology to whoever has the essential, or even to essentially wipe the information if the encrypted data are removed, call into question the data integrity of blockchain technology.


The distributed ledger records transactions for the entire system to see. This feature encourages transactional validation when the parties are untrustworthy. On certain blockchain technology, it is still feasible to keep encrypted information within exchanges, which means that the encryption key is readable but only individuals with the encryption key can retrieve it.


While a blockchain transaction or activity may incorporate information referring to a transmitter and recipient, the data is most typically addressed as a digital address that isn’t always related to a specific person. That domain, on the other hand, is a unique identifier that might theoretically be linked to people. As a result, majority blockchain participants are completely anonymous, necessitating additional stages of research, which are sometimes impractical, in order to link an advantage of digital wallet address to a real person.

Allocative efficiency

Blockchains are mentoring systems that confirm operations without the use of a centralized authority or intermediaries. Individuals may, nevertheless, wind up using wireless networks to engage with blockchains, and such access points may operate as censors, undermining the technology’s egalitarian character.

Insufficiency in terms of functionality

This is seen as a shortcoming of blockchain systems like Bitcoin, which handle 3-20 calculations per month on a worldwide scale as part of the transactional authentication and confirmation phase. If a high number of transactions are completed, these operation delays can quickly result in substantial storage requirements.

Restrictions on knowledge

Since blockchain technologies are incredibly technology expensive, the volume of data contained in bitmap images is typically limited to a few letters. As a result, storing multimedia content in a block would be impossible with current technology. Blocks, on the other hand, might store connections to information stored somewhere.


In the event of distributed and maintained favorable networks, like the Internet, international legal norms prevail. Because the freedom of expression is not tailored to any particular format or innovation, ARTICLE 19 examines how these principles apply to blockchain technologies in this subsection.

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